How to tell if someone is suicidal


Quick and simple ways to assess if someone you know might be at risk of suicide

llDepression, personality disorder, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, drug addiction, etc. are more likely to cause suicide if not properly treated and due to relationship complications, failure, etc. In the West, middle-aged or late-aged people suffer from loneliness. And suicide rate is high among young women in Bangladesh.

In Bangladesh, most suicide cases occur due to dowry and family violence, failure to control emotions, marital discord, stress, love and failure in exams, poverty, and unemployment, easy availability of suicide materials, mental illness, etc.

Suicide cases can sometimes increase due to over-publicization, mis-propaganda, or irresponsible presentation of suicide news in the media. Suicide in Europe suddenly increased after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s novel The Sorrows of Young Werther glorified suicide.

If there is a history of suicide or attempted suicide in the family, other family members are also at increased risk of suicide. Drug abuse, sexual abuse, inability to cope with the changes in body and mind during puberty, failure to control emotions, troubled family, and doubts about one’s sexuality are also prone to suicide among teenagers and young adults.

French sociologist Emile Durkheim divided people who commit suicide or want to commit suicide into four categories. Part four is-

  1. Egostic: Always self-absorbed, avoids socializing, egotistical about everything.
  2. Altruistic: People with high social involvement.
  3. Anomic: Those who do not adhere to social norms, who have no personal identity or social ties.
  4. Fatalistic: Always dependent on vision and very strict adherence to social norms, resentful of deviations.
Quick and simple ways to assess if someone you know might be at risk of suicide

Another study shows that a decrease in the amount of a chemical called ‘5-hydroxy indole acetic acid’ in the cerebrospinal fluid of the human brain increases the tendency to commit suicidel. At first, thoughts of suicide came sporadically. These thoughts kept coming back later. A person cannot get rid of this thought easily. Suicidal thoughts affect his normal functioning. He thinks, ‘Why should I live?’ He thinks of ending life. At one point he thought, now is the right time for him to die. Sometimes driven by emotion, sometimes by planning, he tries to die. If he did not succeed, he would have sporadic thoughts of suicide. He cannot get out of this cycle of thought. It kept coming back into him.

There are generally two types of suicides:

  1. A) Impulsive suicide: An attempt to commit suicide out of anger or sudden impulse. For example, suddenly jumping from the roof during a fight or trying to commit suicide without any mental illness.
  2. b) Decisive and Planned Suicide: In this type of suicide, the person who wants to commit suicide, plans to commit suicide for a long time, collects materials and commits suicide by writing a suicidel note.

How to prevent

  • Common things that attention can focus on to prevent suicide are:

  • Empowering students to make decisions to improve their social skills. Giving them responsibility in family and educational institutions. Encouraging to be active in clubs and cultural practices in schools and colleges.
  • reducing the availability of suicide materials, such as sleeping pills, pesticides; Stop selling non-prescription sleeping pills.
  • All types of mental diseases including depression, drug addiction, personality disorder, schizophrenia are quickly identified and treated well.
  • Ensuring that the media adheres to approved guidelines while reporting on suicidel.
  • Adequate care should be taken while posting comments or pictures about suicidel on social media. Just as suicide cannot be glorified, neither can someone’s wish to die be ridiculed.


What to do with friends and teammates

Most of the people who commit suicide have some indication beforehand. Many suicides can be prevented if classmates and friends notice these signs and take necessary measures.

In those with suicidal tendencies, they give signs of—


  1. Expressing his desire for death and suicide on social media, talking about dying in chats.

  2. Unable to accept failure in exams, failure in love or sudden death of a loved one.

  3. Inability to control emotions, frequent mood swings.

  4. Changes in sleep, staying up all night.

  5. Loss of self-control, sudden anger.

  6. Writing, listening or reading poems about suicidel or death.

  7. self harm Cutting oneself often, taking too many sleeping pills.

  8. Depression, discouragement, feeling guilty—these are symptoms of depression, leading to suicide.

  9. Drug addiction or Internet addiction.

  10. Keeping to oneself, staying away from social events.

  11. Staying away from studies, sports, hobbies.


Many a times, when someone talks about death, everyone laughs at him, trolls on social media, which is not right. There is a big misconception that people who talk about death do not commit suicide. But the truth is, there is a high risk of suicidel among them. At this time, they should be friends and stay by their side.

– Understanding the red flags: A step-by-step guide to identifying suicidal behavior

Parent-Teacher Actions 


  • Mental health needs to be talked about. The importance of taking care of the mind should be conveyed from family and educational institutions.
  • The topic of suicidel cannot be avoided. It must be understood that suicidel is not a solution.
  • If a student or child tries to commit suicide, he should be empathized with, given courage, and encouraged to seek help from a doctor or psychiatrist.
  • Quality time should be provided if the student or child tends to become isolated from friends or family. You have to listen to him with your heart.
  • Develop a relationship with the child or student so that he is not afraid to ask for your help in solving his problems.
  • Encourage the child’s expression of emotions. Don’t make fun of his expressions of emotion. Also seek the help of a psychiatrist if disorganized emotions appear.
  • If symptoms of drug ingestion occur, administer appropriate medical treatment.
  • If he needs to take medicine for mental problems or any other disease, keep them in such a way that many medicines do not fall into his hands at once.
  • Listen to them carefully. Sometimes they can’t say much. Try to understand the unspoken words.
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If you have a mental problem, don’t hide it for fear of public shame. Seek help from a psychiatrist. Do not hesitate to hospitalize if necessary.

1 person every 40 seconds!

suicidal is the fourth leading cause of death for 15-29 year olds worldwide. And a large part of this age group are students. According to the World Health Organization, more than 700,000 people commit suicidal worldwide every year. 1 person every 40 seconds! People with depression are 20 times more likely to commit suicidel than others! According to an estimate by the World Health Organization, about six out of every 100,000 people in Bangladesh commit suicide every year. During the Corona period, a study shows that more than 14 thousand people committed suicidel in Bangladesh from March 2020 to February 2021. According to a 2018 national survey by the National Institute of Mental Health, about 5 percent of 10- to 24-year-olds have thought about suicidal at least once, and 1.5 percent have planned or attempted suicide at least once! That study found that women were nearly three times more likely to commit suicide than men. Rates of suicidal ideation are twice as high in urban areas as in rural areas.
Based on the information published in the newspaper, a survey by Anchal Foundation shows that in 2022, 446 school-college and madrasa students and 86 university students committed suicidel. About 63 percent of these are female students. Again, 13-19 year olds have committed the highest number of suicides, about 76 percent. Arrogance with family, depression, sexual harassment, cyber bullying, failure in exams, study pressure, drug addiction, family quarrels, mental problems, financial crisis, etc. have emerged as reasons.


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